The blood sugar is the substance present in blood which is also called blood glucose. It is measured in levels, so its often called as blood sugar level or blood glucose level. It is a simple sugar present in the blood. In humans, the blood sugar level is about a teaspoon. It is stored in skeletal muscles and liver cells in the form of glycogen. The level of sugar in the blood depends upon the level of blood sugar i.e glycogen stored in skeletal muscles and liver cells. That is the reason why it is often maintained at a constant level.
Our brain consumes about 60% of the blood sugar. Persistent elevation in the level of blood sugar can cause toxicity, which causes cell dysfunction and the pathology grouped together which later leads to serious diabetes. It is transported from liver and intestines to the other parts of the body via bloodstreams. The level of blood sugar in your body is the lowest before you take the first meal of your day. It increases a bit for an hour or two later in the day. However, if its lower or higher than the normal range it is an indication of a serious medical issue. The higher level of blood sugar is termed as hyperglycaemia, the lower level is termed as hypoglycemia.
Here are few early warning signs that your blood sugar is too high.
1. Peeing more often and being thirstier
An average human being pees about 5-7 times in 24 hours but people with high blood sugar may visit the toilet way more times. This happens because normally our body absorbs the glucose while it passes through the kidneys, but the kidneys of people with high blood sugar doesn’t absorb it all, which causes peeing more often. Peeing more often makes your body thirstier and when you drink more, you pee more.
2. Blurred vision
The repeated change of fluid levels in your body can result in causing the eye lenses swell which changes their shape and makes it difficult for them to focus.
3. Hunger and Fatigue
The food we eat is converted into glucose which is used by the cells for energy. If our body doesn’t make enough insulin or the insulin doesn’t get in touch with the glucose our body gets hungrier with each second and that makes us tired on the same hand.
4. Wounds take longer time to heal
Even if its just a small wound, let’s say a normal scratch it will take a lot of time to heal than the usual. This happens because the insulin level gets low in the body which makes the body hungrier and tired. It is one of the most common warning sign of high level of blood sugar.
5. Dry mouth and itchy skin
The body uses fluids to pee and that causes less moisture for other parts of the body. Which makes the body dehydrated and often results in itchy skin.
6. Body aches and other aches
When the level of blood sugar is high, it causes several types of aches in the body ache, headache, leg pain are some common examples.
7. Weight loss
High blood sugar can cause sudden or unexplained weight loss in your body. This happens because the body is not getting the glucose it needs, so the body burns muscles to produce energy.
8. Numbness and Tingling
It can also cause numbness, tingling and burning in the limbs of a human body. It is a complication which occurs after years of high level blood sugar.
People who have high level of blood sugar in their body should consult a doctor as soon as possible. To test your blood sugar you can simply have a blood test or fast for 8 hours, 2 hours after eating a meal. A number of things can help in preventing hyperglycaemia that is high level of blood sugar, such as :
- Check the blood sugar level as per doctor’s advisory and cross check the amount of insulin.
- Consult a health care doctor or dietician regarding your diet chart. Ask what to eat, when to eat, how much to eat.
- Try avoiding infections, use a sanitiser. Wash your hands frequently. Try not to catch cold because it makes the blood pressure rise.
- Eat according to the plan and exercise regularly to keep yourself and your blood sugar level maintained.
- Try not to take stress, as far as possible. Take good sleep, exercise, and other stress reducing activities like yoga and meditation.
9. You have strange new dark spots on your skin
People with high blood sugar can also develop a skin disease called acanthosis nigricans. It appears as thick, dark patches on the body where there are folds. Acanthosis nigricans often appears in the neck, underarms, inside elbows, behind the knees and on the fingers.
10. You are sleep-deprived or do not have a restful sleep
People who sleep less than six hours a night are more likely to have prediabetes. Researchers believe it is the result of links between hormones, the nervous system and sleep disorders. In addition, according to the Canadian Diabetes Care Guide, poor quality sleep can lead to weight gain, increased insulin resistance and reduced daytime functioning.
High blood sugar level shouldn’t be taken lightly. It may not cause any troubles in the present but it can be very hazardous if pushed to the limit. It’s better to get it cured professionally before it reaches the limit.